Monthly Archives: September 2019

Intelligence Way is Artificial

Curiosity has always eluded man. This has led to many inventions and discoveries. One of the finest examples of man’s inventions is computer. Automatically a picture comes to our mind. They are able to do huge computations, repetitive and boring jobs that took us long time.
Exactly what the computer provides is not the ability to be rigid or unthinking. But rather to behave conditionally; sometimes this way, sometimes that, as appropriate. This means applying knowledge to action. Believe it or not, even here, attitude matters the most. We ask these machines to do the job that we already know and do. But we want them to do faster and more accurately.

The irony is we humans are trying to produce intelligence through artificial ways. Its just the science of producing machines (making machines) that have intelligence and a bit of common sense. It’s about how you program a system so that it behaves like humans. They can think, process information, can take decisions and act accordingly. Yes, we prefer illusions to reality.

History could be associated with early age Egyptians but this got its formal name ‘Artificial Intelligence’ at Dartmouth Conference, Hanover, New Hampshire in 1956 under the guidance of John McCarthy. And the world came to know about the level of human thinking. Many things followed. LISP or list processing, the language used for AI was developed by John McCarthy in 1958. In 1970, world got its first expert system in the field of medical sciences for detecting blood infections, MYCIN. Prolog or programming in logic, one of the AI’s main languages was developed by Japanese in 1972. One big thing that really amazed world happened in 1991 when a human chess master was defeated by a computer.

And rest they say is history…

There are various fields where it has found a good response. The fields include:

* Game playing – Program a system for playing games like chess.

* Expert Systems – Create a knowledge base, help systems to take decisions based on their experience (knowledge in base).

* Human Sensory Systems – Emulate human senses of voice and vision.

* Neural networks – Attempt to reproduce connections (neurons) that exist in human brain and thus simulate intelligence.

* Robotics – A popular field. Program a system in such a way that it is able to see, understand and react to the external stimuli.

The ongoing success of adding intelligence to machines so that we fail to distinguish whether it’s a machine or a human being seems assured. However, the goal to duplicate human intelligence or the idea to create a clone of humans in intelligence is a bit controversial. We are successful in creating robots (machines) that are able to come up with answers in definite situations. But still not able to duplicate our daily circumstances. We face uncertain situations. To adjust to these, we require thinking and common sense. Thinking is a set of mental processes that go on in an unconscious mind. We do that deliberately also. Question still remains. If we are able to add this thinking in a deliberate way, can we ever achieve that higher level of sub – consciousness?

Yes, sometimes things should be left aside for time to answer. So can a computer be intelligent, think, understand and act at the same time, should not be questioned now?

Casino Winning Withholding Tax Refund

Winning a huge sum in a casino feels great, but the inflation in balloon is lessened by the reduction in that volume due to the casino tax applicable on any person who is not native to that place or are non residents. Every state has a law governing the gaming, table games etc and the prize money involved in these games is liable to be taxed by the government. Same applies with the casino winnings. The casino winnings are applicable to be taxed as casino tax, which does play a spoil sport for many people. People do not find it just, that their winnings should be taxed under the casino tax and often demand a casino tax rebate or a tax refund. Obtaining a tax refund is though easier for the residents, this casino tax rebate is difficult to be obtained by the non residents.

As an example, any international resident is imposed with a 30% casino tax on the winnings in the United States of America as per Internal Revenue Service (IRS). This is a huge sum for anyone who has just won, and does set the mood off. But now, as the outrage against this casino tax is growing, so are coming up new means to help international residents to claim a casino tax rebate. And the relief is out for the Canadian citizens due to U.S. Canada Tax Treaty according to which the Canadian citizens can get back partial tax rebate or can get the entire sum they lost as the casino tax rebate back.

There are many agencies involved in providing this tax rebate such as refund management services. Apart from a web presence as http://www.refundmanagement.com/, RMS is based in Toronto, Ontario, with additional offices in Vancouver, British Columbia and Las Vegas, Nevada and their head office is located in Toronto. Not only do they help Canadian residents but also all other international visitors to the United States of America in gaining a tax rebate. Due to their services available online, they are able to help people seeking help in gaining a casino tax refund easily.

Online Casino Software Providers Reviewed

There are few activities that men engage in that captivate them and fully occupy their attention like gambling. The case with gambling is understandably so since it is not only fun, but there is great potential for money fast, as is there the risk of losing money faster. The risk is perhaps what makes it even more challenging and addictive. However, for many a gambler, accessing a casino is quite difficult every time they want to unwind, and everyone may not have weekly poker game buddies. It is no surprise that then people turn to online casinos, online poker and other games.

Unsurprisingly, online casinos have become booming businesses where profits run into millions of dollars. There are now several websites that offer online casino services. Online poker is particularly popular with the various kinds of online poker like Texas Hold ‘em, Omaha, and Seven Star stud, among others, seeing millions of dollars being wagered. In this situation, online casino software, especially, online poker software is very much in demand. As of 2008, Internet gambling was made popular by over 160 companies that offered services to set up online casinos with different software solutions. This figure has increased substantially since then.

The industry for providing online casino software is extremely competitive with many companies vying for getting a share of the ever expanding online gambling industry. While the products that most companies offer are very similar, each software has a style. Therefore the users of a particular software might not feel very comfortable using software that have been developed by other companies. Yet, the innovation and experimentation in this online casino software industry keeps the competition alive. The frontrunners in this industry are Playtech, Microgaming, Viaden Media (and it’s division Viaden Gaming in particular), Gamblingsoftware.com, Cryptologic, Boss Media and Orbis OpenBet, among others.

Playtech was founded in 1999. It develops online casino software, particularly for online poker, online bingo and online sports betting. Playtech’s gaming software has the requisite certifications from BMM International, who are major consultants for major gaming and regulatory bodies. Their poker software also supports a network of online poker games. This network called iPoker provides different kind of experiences for users despite being backed by the same kind of software. Big names in the online casino business like William Hill, Centrebet etc use Playtech’s software.

CryptoLogic, based in Dublin, has challenged the gaming software industry time and again by introducing new innovations like multiplayer games and 3D casino environments. They have also spearheaded campaigns for safeguarding their user’s interests by taking developing the E cash system which has increased internet security in terms of payments.

Gamblingsoftware.com has introduced innovations like casino games that do not need to be downloaded based on java. This means that user can use any computer to access their accounts and gamble. This online casino software has, in this way, increased the mobility of the online gambler. This innovation has since been adopted by many other companies. Other companies have also introduced innovations that have kept all the players in this market for online casino software in their toes.

Viaden Media is another big player on the casino software market. The company has a proven record of delivering quality innovative software solutions, captivating games and reliable gaming platforms. The company was the first to offer full-HD recizable games that enable the players to use the 100% of the screen space for a more engaging gaming experience. Among other distict features is the outstanding compatability with Mac OS that comes from the company’s vast expertise in the development of mobile gambling apps for iPhone, iPad and Ipod touch.

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